Aluminum

Select Mineral

Water Analysis

Description *Before mg/L **After mg/L Change mg/L Change %
Study 1 < 0.0500 (<50 ppb) < 0.0500 (<50 ppb) 0.0000 (0 ppb) 0.00%
Study 2 < 0.0500 (<50 ppb) 0.0870 (87 ppb) 0.0370 (37 ppb) 74.00%
Study 3 < 0.0500 (<50 ppb) < 0.0500 (<50 ppb) 0.0000 (0 ppb) 0.00%

Aluminum Analysis

"Study 1" and "Study 3" had no measurable change compared to "No Feet".

"Study 2" returned 0.0870 mg/L (87 ppb) of aluminum (Al) and had an increased aluminum (Al) concentration of 0.0370 mg/L (37 ppb).

The ending result for "Study 2" is a 74.00% increase of aluminum (Al) concentration found in the session water.

Study Parameters

*Before = "No Feet" which represents the concentration of the specific metal/mineral tested from a water sample that included a 30 minute "Cleansing" and 10 minute "Energy" session with no human contact. Feet and hands were not present in the water during the 40 minute session.

**After – represents the concentration of the specific metal/mineral tested from a water sample (Study 1, Study 2, and Study 3) that included a 30 minute "Cleansing" and 10 minute "Energy" session with human contact.

"Study 1" represents an individual in their mid 50’s and in good health.

"Study 2" represents an individual in their mid 40’s and in good health.

"Study 3" represents an individual in their early 30’s and in excellent health.

Control Factors

  • The same Lectro Chi Pro Energy ionic spa was used for all sessions.
  • Each session utilized 1 gallon of distilled water purchased from the same water distillery.
  • 1 oz. of Dead Sea salt was used during each session.
  • Each session was performed at 2.5 amps.
  • A new water module was used for each session.
  • Each session utilized 30 minutes on the "Cleansing" setting and 10 minutes on the "Energy" setting.
  • TraceAnalysis, Inc. - 6701 Aberdeen Avenue, Suite 9, Lubbock, TX 79424 performed all sample testing.

ppb – Parts per Billion
mg/L – Parts per Million (mg/L is equitable to ppm)

Drinking Water - Health Based Limits

National Secondary Drinking Water Regulations

Aluminum (Al) - 0.2000 mg/L (200 ppb)

A National Secondary Drinking Water Regulation is a non-enforceable guideline regarding contaminants that may cause cosmetic effects (such as taste, odor, or color). Some states choose to adopt them as enforceable standards.

Sources: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.
Environmental Working Group, A National Assessment of Tap Water Quality, www.ewg.org, December 20th, 2005

Chemical and Physical Information

Aluminum is a silvery-white metal. In nature it is particularly found in igneous rocks as aluminosilicate minerals.

Because of its high reactivity, aluminum does not exist as the metal in the environment: it exists in a combined state with other elements.

Aluminum metal is used to make beverage cans, pots, and pans, automotive components, siding and roofing, and foil.

Aluminum compounds are used in water treatment, abrasives, and furnace linings.

Aluminum compounds are found in consumer products such as foil and antiperspirants, over the counter and prescription drugs such as antacids, buffered aspirin, and antiulceratives, and in food additives.

Source: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Public Health Service Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, ToxGuide™ for Aluminum Al CAS# 7429-90-5, September 2006.

Route of Exposure

Inhalation – generally limited to occupational exposure.

Oral – primary route of exposure for the general population. Aluminum is found in food, drinking water, and medicinal products such as antacids and buffered aspirin.

Dermal (skin) contact – minor route of exposure; aluminum is found in some topically applied consumer products such as antiperspirants, first aid antibiotics, and sunscreen and suntan products.

Source: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Public Health Service Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, ToxGuide™ for Aluminum Al CAS# 7429-90-5, September 2006.

Health Effects

Potential health impacts associated with Aluminum include cardiovascular or blood toxicity, neurotoxicity, reproductive toxicity, and respiratory toxicity.

The most sensitive target of aluminum toxicity is the nervous system. Impaired performance on neurobehavioral tests of motor function, sensory function and cognitive function have been observed in animals.

Respiratory effects, such as impaired lung function and fibrosis have been observed in aluminum workers.

Source: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Public Health Service Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, ToxGuide™ for Aluminum Al CAS# 7429-90-5, September 2006.

Normal Human Levels

The total body burden of aluminum in healthy individuals is 30 to 50 mg.

Approximately 50% of the body burden is in the skeleton and 25% is in the lungs.

Aluminum levels in lungs increase with age.

Aluminum levels in bone tissue of health individuals range from 5 to 10 mg/kg.

Source: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Public Health Service Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, ToxGuide™ for Aluminum Al CAS# 7429-90-5, September 2006.

Health Effects

Potential health impacts associated with Aluminum include cardiovascular or blood toxicity, neurotoxicity, reproductive toxicity, and respiratory toxicity.

The most sensitive target of aluminum toxicity is the nervous system. Impaired performance on neurobehavioral tests of motor function, sensory function and cognitive function have been observed in animals.

Respiratory effects, such as impaired lung function and fibrosis have been observed in aluminum workers.

Source: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Public Health Service Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, ToxGuide™ for Aluminum Al CAS# 7429-90-5, September 2006.